'You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebels, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, and to put all to the sword under seventy.' Hello, Sign in. Fugitives were helped at Castle Stalker, a safe place for Clan Campbell, according to tradition. This was the treacherous and cold-blooded order ruthlessly carried out on 13 February 1692, when the Campbells slaughtered their hosts the MacDonalds at the Massacre of Glencoe. Why the Glencoe MacDonalds were selected is still debated; it appears to have been a combination of internal clan politics, and a reputation for lawlessness that made them an easy target. '[29] The impetus behind an inquiry was political; as a former member of James' administration, who then became a supporter of the new regime, Stair was unpopular with both sides. Sir John Dalrymple, the Master of Stair (that is the heir-apparent of the Earl of Stair), one of William's principal advisers with regard to Scottish affairs, found an opportunity for destroying the small clan of the Macdonalds of Glencoe. In late January 1692, two companies or approximately 120 men from the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot arrived in Glencoe from Invergarry. The Massacre of Glencoe came against the backdrop of civil war in the British Isles. The massacre was launched on February 13 1692 after the King ordered Captain Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon to attack his hosts and “put all to the sword under seventy”. Who Ordered the Massacre of Glencoe - He is known as the “Curse of Scotland” for his role in the Glencoe Massacre, the government minister whose exploits went largely unpunished following the infamous murders which took place 325 years ago this week. Glencoe was a popular topic with 19th-century poets, the best-known work being Sir Walter Scott's "Massacre of Glencoe". Try It was a significant element in the persistence of Jacobitism in the Highlands, and remains a powerful symbol for a variety of reasons. '[43], After the study of Scottish history re-emerged in the 1950s, Leslie's perspectives continued to shape views of William's reign as particularly disastrous for Scotland. Victims of the atrocity were killed at daybreak on a freezing winter’s morning by soldiers who had enjoyed 12 nights of MacDonald generosity in the glen. In 1691 all Highland Clan Chiefs were required to swear and sign an oath of loyalty to the new, protestant King William III by no later than 1 January 1692. [26], In May, fears of a French invasion meant the Argylls were posted to Brentford in England, then Flanders. The infamy of the massacre of Glencoe is not so much in the numbers killed, but in the way it was carried out. In order to continue read the entire music sheet of The Massacre Of Glencoe Mort Ghlinne Comhainn you need to signup, download music sheet notes in pdf format also available for offline reading. Noté /5. 11 famous Harry Potter filming locations in Scotland, Popular Scottish surnames and their meanings, The killing of 38 members of the MacDonald clan by government troops, led by Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon, is one of the darkest episodes in the turbulent history of the Highlands. Instead, Alasdair was directed to the Sheriff at 1692 - Order for the Massacre of Glencoe This is the original order sent to Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, instructing him to kill the MacDonalds of Glencoe. [28] Despite criticism of the government, there was little sympathy for the MacDonalds; the military commander in Scotland, Viscount Teviot wrote that 'it's not that anyone thinks the thieving tribe did not deserve to be destroyed but that it should have been done by those quartered amongst them makes a great noise. The order was then passed on to Sir Thomas Livingstone, commander of the forces in Scotland. The Massacre of Glencoe came against the backdrop of civil war in the British Isles. Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon was given the command of two companies of about 120 men in total. Sort order. This correlates with evidence from James Campbell, one of Glenlyon's company, stating they had no knowledge of the plan until the morning of 13 February. So while the massacre was carried out by … In addition, links between Irish and Scottish branches of the MacDonalds, as well as Scots and Irish Presbyterians, meant unrest in one country often spilled into the other. It was Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, a desperate man who lost his all through gambling, who carried out Stair’s final order: "to put all to the sword under seventy". [34] While Stair was dismissed as Secretary of State, he returned to government in 1700 and was made an earl by the last Stuart monarch, Queen Anne. But it wasn’t long before he was back in government. This massacre still resonates in the local conciousness today. [9], In early October, the chiefs asked James for permission to take the Oath unless he could mount an invasion before the deadline, a condition they knew to be impossible. [49] It was used as a subject by Thomas Campbell and George Gilfillan, whose main claim to modern literary fame is his sponsorship of William McGonagall, allegedly the worst poet in British history. Dalrymple, of Ayrshire, a former Lord Advocate, quickly acted upon his disdain for the Highland clans who broadly retained support for deposed James VII, the brother-in-law of the new king. This was because MacIain, leaving it to the last minute, had travelled to Fort William instead of Inveraray to swear the oath. No artifacts relating to the Massacre have been found as yet.[37]. The soldiers themselves had no idea why they were there, of course, so they would have been re-assuring to the Glencoe MacDonalds. While the Maclain of Glencoe was promised safety, Dalrymple saw an opportunity to make an example of the King’s strength. The handwritten order for the Massacre of Glencoe is the centrepiece of a National Library of Scotland exhibition. An estimated 30 members and associates of Clan MacDonald of Glencoe were killed by government forces, allegedly for failing to pledge allegiance to the new monarchs, William III of Scotland and Mary II. But with the National Trust for Scotland, which today owns much of the glen, preparing to launch a new, £300,000 archaeological investigation into its history, now is an opportune moment to reconsider the events of 1692. However, the pleasures of today are offset by a sinister historic event which culminated in the government ordered murders of around 38 locals in 1692. [18] In summary, the Glencoe MacDonalds were a small clan with few friends and powerful enemies. [33], As both a capital offence and treason, it was an awkward weapon with which to attack Stair, as William himself signed the orders and the intent was widely known in government circles. [17], In the debate that followed, Colonel Hill claimed most Highlanders were peaceful, and even in Lochaber, a single person may travell safley where he will witout harme. The massacre was launched on February 13 1692 after the King ordered Captain Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon to attack his hosts and “put all to the sword under seventy”. [41] Historical divisions meant this was largely expressed through a shared cultural identity, while the study of Scottish history itself virtually disappeared from universities. Who ordered the Glencoe Massacre - and why? You are to have a special care that the old Fox and his sons do upon no account escape your hands, you are to secure all the avenues that no man escape.” Glencoe Massacre Memorial Inscription (Photo credit: Kim Traynor) The massacre began at 5am the next morning. However, the Governor at Fort William denied he had the requisite authority to accept the Oath. [8] Stair's letters increasingly focused on enforcement, reflecting his belief forged or not, none of the signatories intended to keep their word. Their commander was Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, a local landowner whose niece was married to one of MacIain's sons. [21] On 12 February, Hill ordered Hamilton to take 400 men and block the northern exits from Glencoe at Kinlochleven. He is known as the 'Curse of Scotland' for his role in the Glencoe Massacre, the government minister whose exploits went largely unpunished following the infamous murders which took place 325 years ago this week. Noté /5: Achetez Order for the Massacre of Glencoe de Duncanson, Robert: ISBN: 9780902220324 sur amazon.fr, des millions de livres livrés chez vous en 1 jour This is the original order sent to Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, instructing him to kill the MacDonalds of Glencoe. The massacre of the Glencoe MacDonalds by government troops in 1692 took place during a blizzard in the depths of winter. One suggestion for the delay was an internal power struggle between Protestant elements of the MacDonald clan, like Glencoe, and the Catholic minority, led by Glengarry. Two days later, secret articles appeared, cancelling the agreement in the event of a Jacobite invasion and signed by all the attendees, including Breadalbane, who claimed they had been manufactured by Glengarry, the MacDonald chief. Updated Wednesday, 1st March 2017, 9:55 am. [48], Glencoe was a popular topic with 19th-century poets, the best-known work being Sir Walter Scott's "Massacre of Glencoe". [39] He sought to exonerate William from every charge made by Leslie, including the Massacre, which he claimed was part of a Campbell–MacDonald clan feud. King James VII of Scotland and II of England was a poor king by any standard: hot-headed, naïve, politically callous and worst of all for many, an adherent to the … [45], Its continuing emotional power was demonstrated in 1998, when a plaque was installed at a granite boulder south of Carnach. Conflict: The Massacre at Glencoe was part of the repercussions of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. 'You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebels, the MacDonalds of Glencoe, and to put all to the sword under seventy.' On 1 st February 1692, ten days before the massacre, they were ordered to march into Glencoe and await further instructions. It was from around that time, that people started to refer to a new name for the nine of diamonds. In 1691, King William the Third, recognising the resurgence of the Jacobite cause, ordered all the clan chiefs to sign an oath of allegiance by 1st January 1692. In preparation to carrying out the massacre, two companies of Argyle’s regiment, a total of about 120 men, under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, were ordered to proceed to Glencoe by the beginning of February, and under pretext, to remain there and await further orders. Le massacre de Glencoe (écossais : Mort Ghlinne Comhann) s'est déroulé dans la vallée de Glen Coe en Écosse, tôt dans la matinée du 13 février 1692, à l'époque de la Glorieuse Révolution et du jacobitisme. Frustrated by this, the Secretary of State for Scotland, Lord Stair, decided to make an example to provide a warning of the consequences for further delay. The massacre . Often incorrectly labelled as a massacre committed by Clan Campbell, the Massacre of Glencoe was carried out by elements of the Scots Army acting under orders from the Secretary of State and the Scottish Government. [3], In March 1689, James landed in Ireland while John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee recruited a small force for a supporting campaign in Scotland, which included the Camerons and Keppoch MacDonalds. Some believe that Archibald’s cousin, the Earl of Breadlebane encouraged the position that MacIain’s pledge was irregular given the opportunity it opened up for Clan Campbell to seek revenge on the MacDonalds. [44] It is still commemorated in an annual ceremony by the Clan Donald Society; initiated in 1930, this is held at the Upper Carnoch memorial, a tapering Celtic cross installed in 1883 at the eastern end of Glencoe village. Write a review. [46] Originally known as the 'Soldier's Stone', [47] in the late 19th century, it was renamed Clach Eanruig, or 'Henry's Stone'; it is currently named the Henderson Stone, after the family reputed to be pipers to MacIain. The 1693 Highland Judicial Commission tried to encourage use of the law to resolve issues like cattle-theft, but it was undermined by the clan chiefs, as it reduced control over their tenants. It has been argued the Highlands were generally more peaceful than often suggested, in part because chiefs could be fined for crimes committed by their clansmen. Muster rolls for the regiment from October 1691 show the vast majority came from areas in Argyll devastated by the 1685 and 1686 Atholl. It’s known for its magical landscape, which has made it a popular filming location for movies such as Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Rob Roy, and Highlander.But Glencoe is also remembered for a story of clan betrayal that led to a tragic and bloody Glencoe Massacre in 1692. The Highland Jacobites sought counsel from France and a form of peace briefly settled as clansmen waited a response. The massacre of the MacDonald’s of Glencoe is one of the most notorious acts of infamy in Scottish history and is remembered even now with bitter distaste by many of that clan. Muster rolls also show that Campbells made up a minority the government-backed troops dispatched to Glencoe. His role in the Glencoe Massacre helped forge the bitter association. The Massacre of Glencoe. Expecting you will not faill in the full-filling hereof, as you love your selfe, I subscribe these with my hand  att Balicholis  Feb: 12, 1692. sfn error: no target: CITEREFLenman1995 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFLenman1991 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSomers1843 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPreeble1968 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMacaulay1859 (, "Site Record for Glencoe, Massacre Of Glencoe Memorial; Macdonald's Monument; Glencoe Massacre", "Game of Thrones author George R R Martin why he wrote the red wedding", "An Account of the depredations committed on the Clan Campbell and their followers during the years 1685 and 1686", "Managing the Early Modern Periphery: Highland Policy and the Highland Judicial Commission, c. 1692–c. It is unlikely that Glenlyon knew at this point what he would be ordered to do next. 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