government of nepal

A committee was formed to reconstruct the districts of Nepal on 23 December 1956 and after two weeks of duration a report was submitted to government. We elected a ‘Constituent Assembly’ to write a new constitution on this concept on 28th Chaitra 2064 BS. Once elected to any of the posts, he/she will automatically lose his/her post in the Village Assembly or Town Assembly. ⇒ The provinces may demand a different and a separate state which can threaten the national integrity and indivisibility of the nation. It occupies an area of 1,47,181 Sq. Embassy of Nepal; Permanent Mission of Nepal to UN; Consulates General of Nepal; Foreign Missions Accredited to Nepal. The constitution has highly encouraged decentralization of power and public participation. Nepal Appoints Dav Whatmore as National Cricket Team Head Coach! One hundred and twenty-two (122) political parties participated in this election, and 30 of them got representation in the Constituent Assembly-II. The development has not reached every nook and corner of the country. Executive duties in Nepal are carried out by the Council of Ministers. Similarly, there is a District Coordination Committee in every district. The election for the Constituent Assembly-II was successfully conducted on 4th Marga 2070 BS. Second, the total number of provinces should be fixed scientifically, not as a whim. Besides the good aspects of the federal system it may create some problems and challenges, like: ⇒ Unequal distribution of means and resources between the states may cause unequal development and misunderstanding among the states. Every political system has its good and bad aspects. The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. ⇒ Does not hamper the country even if the central government is dissolved. There are also governments at a local level of village/town and district. Nepal’s Foreign Policy; Nepal’s Bilateral Relations; Nepal’s Regional Affairs. Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. In this process, there can be a readjustment in the internal political division of the nation, devolution of power to the local bodies a°d state can be more ‘  democratic and inclusive with special arrangements to who is left behind. For healthy, sound competitive and proportional development of all the nooks and corners of the country. They are the central government, state government, and local bodies. Career in Nepalese Government sector is one of the most sought after career paths in Nepal.Various vacancies have been announced by Nepal Government in last few weeks. It is run and executed by the Prime Minister or President. While dividing Nepal into federal units, various aspects need to be kept under consideration. Some good aspects of the federal system are: ⇒ Maintains close relation between the state and its people. There is also village/town assembly that works as the local legislature of village/town. Prime minister exercises executive power and heads the cabinet of ministers. ⇒ Expensive form of government. It forms and executes own plans, policies, and programs required for the state. About; Organizational Structure; The executive there is headed by the Chief Minister. GovNp.com Government of Nepal in one simple website But after facing the challenges of the federal system in Nepal, We will get benefits of the federal system in Nepal. The state did not address this diversity in time and the expectation of people increased in such a way that their expectations could be fulfilled only in the federal system. For … 4. The Governor appoints the leader of the parliamentary party with the majority in the Provincial Assembly as the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers are formed under the chairpersonship of the Chief Minister. It consists of the national legislature, executive, and judiciary. The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different autonomous states or provinces. Would you please give detail information about the role of central,provincial and local government and the people for the successful implementation of federal system in the country. In addition to the national government in the capital, there is an autonomous provincial government in each of the provincial states. The concept of federalism in Nepal is born some years ago but now Nepal is on the way of the concept of federalism in Nepal. We have pointed out some points about the necessity of the federal system in Nepal. The central or the federal government is responsible for the external defense, national monitor policies, foreign affairs, and military mobilization. The second amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 endorsed the concern of Nepalese people through different political parties to make Nepal a federal country. ⇒ Local and ethnic art, culture and heritage can be well protected. There are broadly two concepts of the system of government: Unitary & Federal. it is an impressive article. It has three political parties mainly recognised in the federal parliament: Nepal Communist Party, Nepali Congress, and Janata Samajwadi Party. Any member of a Village Assembly or a Town Assembly will be eligible for the post of the Chairman, Vice Chairman or member of the District Coordination Committee of the concerned district. In this system, states are formed on the basis of geographical structure, race, and language, population, natural and human resources, etc. We can’t ignore the federal system of governance in Nepal challenges and opportunities. The President appoints a Governor for every province. The basic functions and criteria are different from each other between central and provincial governments in federalism. Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal. This post may help you with my question “why is the federal system felt necessary in Nepal?”. Each state or province has a separate government along with its federal government in the center. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. ⇒ There may be a conflict between the states regarding the use of natural resources of border areas. We must consider more about resource allocation in federalism in Nepal. Nepal and SAARC; Nepal and BIMSTEC. ⇒ The Federal system of government is more expensive so that there may be a lack of sufficient budget for its successful operation. President and prime minister are elected by parliament. There are many causes of the necessity of a federal system in Nepal. According to the Constitution of Nepal, there is a District Assembly in each district. Under Shah and his successors, Nepal's borders expanded as far west as Kashmir and as far east as Sikkim (now part of India). Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and information Technology Department Of Information Technology. No political system is perfect in itself. Nepal has reported 266,816 cases and 1,948 deaths from COVID-19 so far, according to official data. Nepal is a landlocked sovereign country located in South Asia. Do You know why is federal system felt necessary in Nepal? Why is Federal System Felt Necessary in Nepal. This system is in practice in India, the USA, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Australia, Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his/her cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament. The concept paper of the 15th five-year plan was endorsed by the National Development Council (NDC) in Aril 2019. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. Namrata Shrestha Wins ‘Miss Nepal 2020’ Title; Nepal, China Announces New Height of Mt Everest at 8,848.86M; Nepal’s Sapana Roka Magar Named in BBC’s 100 Influential Women for 2020! Therefore, federalism was raised as a political agenda against the unitary system after the success of people’s movement II, 2062/063. As per the constitution’s sole … By Reuters Staff. Federalism is a dual government system in which there are parallel governments at the national level and local level. National security and military management, The national highway, railway, postal service, Mobilize state security force and maintain public security, Preserve language, art, culture and other heritage, To coordinate among the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika) within the district, To monitor the development and construction activities in order to maintain a balance in them, To coordinate between the federal and provincial offices within the district and the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika), To carry out other functions according to the laws of the provincial states, Local taxes (property tax, house rent tax, service tax, land revenues, etc. The first meeting of the first Constituent Assembly, which was held on 15th Jestha 2065 declared Nepal as “Federal Democratic Republic Country”. This system is new for South Asian country Nepal. The Provinces of Nepal were formed according to Schedule 4 of the Constitution of Nepal. Nepal practiced the unitary system of government throughout its recorded history. [5] The term for the Provincial Assembly is five years, except when dissolved earlier. While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, NCP is considered leftist while Nepali Congress is conside It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the North by the People’s Republic of China, and to the South, East and West by the Republic of India. That’s the case across the board. Hope you will get back to me soon. Nepal includes six metropolises, 11 sub-metropolises, 276 municipal councils and 460 village councils. ⇒ The cultural and ethnic diversity can cause a challenge regarding the state language and maintain equal recognition to all cultural groups. A A. The structure of Nepalese society is of multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural. Km. ⇒ Maximum use of means and resources. In addition, there is a legislative body in each district. So, the federal system is not yet implemented in Nepal. Official website of Ministry of Education,Science and Technology Nepal, Singadurbar,Kathmandu, Nepal Government of Nepal Ministry of Education, Science and Technology COVID 19: … Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. The Provinces of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालका प्रदेशहरू; Nepālkā Pradeśharū) were formed on 20 September 2015 in accordance with Schedule 4 of the Constitution of Nepal. the executive. Introduction of Office. The unitary system of government has been practiced in Nepal for a long time. It is called the District Assembly. We have posted some information, facts about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. The powers of the local levels (village/town governments as well as district-level governments) as stated by the Constitution are as follows, Article Writer: Ram Hari Poudel, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. (Reporting by Gopal Sharma; Writing by Alasdair Pal; Editing by Jan Harvey) Read more Each state has its own legislature and judiciary (high court), too. ⇒ Helps to maintain balanced population distribution. First, it should recognize the capacity and resources available in the country. ⇒ Rapid and harmonious development in a nation ⇒ Smooth and effective running of the administration ⇒ Sustainable utilization of means and resources ⇒ Decentralization of power ⇒ Less burden to the central government in administrative affairs ⇒ Equal representation of people in the development and other works ⇒ Concept of self-reliance develops and dependency on others is discouraged ⇒ Maximum participation of people in development and decision making. People raised voices for a federal system of government. President serves as the head of state of Nepal. According to the Constitution, there are two houses in the federal legislature; the House of Representative (lower house) and the National Assembly (upper house). Phone: +977-1-4211000, 4211040, 4211035, 4211080 Fax: +977-1-4211065, 4211086, 4211038, 4211021, 4211047 Audio Notice Board: 1618070701111 P O Box No. It is the state’s responsibility to ensure quality and equitable access to universal health care by increasing investment in health sector. Appointed by the prime minister on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council and the Judicial Council. Given below are some of the popular announcements: > 20 vacancies at Bharatpur Mahanagarpalika, Bagmati Province, Nepal for various positions Deadline: 22 January 2021 Email to 1111@nepal.gov.np Send fax to 1100 Complain by sending letter or in person. Your email address will not be published. The Constitution of Nepal 2015 has ensured every citizen the provision of basic health services from the state as fundamental right. ⇒ Increment of public participation in government activities. Nepal was then declared as the Democratic Federal Republic by the Interim Constitution-2063 BS. In the federal system, when the state government is found to be ineffective and unsuccessful or when the national emergency is declared, the federal government controls and directs the respective states until another appropriate arrangement is made. THE DRAMATIC EVENTS of the beginning months of 1990 marked a watershed in Nepal's political system. Generally, there are three administrative units under the federal system. Women should account for one-third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.[6]. Next, the naming process of the provinces should be done on the three bases (without disintegrating the unity): All in all, the strength and recognition of the nation and citizen should not be ignored at any cost. It is run and executed by the Chief Minister or Governor. This Constituent Assembly has owned the fundamental concepts adopted by the Constituent Assembly-I and is working to promulgate a new constitution of Nepal. Everest at 8,848 meters. ⇒ Conflict may settle at the local level. According to the Nepalko Jilla Prashasan Punargathanko Report, 2013 (A report of reconstruction of districts of Nepal, 1956), Nepal was first time divided into total 7 Kshetras (area). This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. A new constitution, drafted by a small group of individuals hand-picked by the king and the leaders of the political parties, was enacted in 1990. The seven provinces were formed by grouping the existing districts. We will, of course, get advantages of federalism in Nepal. The government also aspires to initiate programs and projects to fulfill the dreams of ‘Prosperous Nepal’ and ‘Happy Nepali’. The council is comprised of the prime minister, two deputy prime ministers, 24 ministers, and 14 state ministers. Nepal approves AstraZeneca COVID vaccine for emergency use - government statement. Your email address will not be published. [1] These were the following Kshetras: In 1962, all Kshetras cancelled and the country restructured into 75 development districts and those districts were grouped into 14 zones. Whether a nation can afford such a system or not should be given due value. The Governor exercises the rights and duties as to be performed specified in the constitution or laws. ⇒ The country may divide or split. ⇒ Unhealthy and unnecessary competition may take place between the provinces for development. It supervises government agencies to e… Koirala. Lifestyle and Travel Blog in English, Hindi and Nepali. They have the power to direct, control and conduct the governance system of village and town level respectively. The quest for a multiparty, representative form of government had begun on December 15, 1960, when an unprecedented royal coup d'état dismissed the constitutionally elected government of Bishweshwar Prasad (B.P.) The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Nepal due to COVID-19. According to the new constitution, the executive power of local levels is vested in village executive (guan Palika) and municipal executive (Nagar Palika). There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. State restructuring is a process of political re-imagination of the state as per the changed circumstances. It maintains sovereignty over all the states. Candidates for each constituency are chosen by the political parties or stand as independents. The Nepal Government should think of making maximum use of cloud computing as it reduces investment and helps enhance performance. The unitary system had failed to mobilize the resources for balanced and justifiable development. For Provinces of various countries, see, "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS", "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature", "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system", Table of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_Nepal&oldid=999860270, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 09:08. Judicial: Highest court of Nepal. [4] According to Article 295 (2), the permanent names of the provinces will be determined by a two-thirds vote of the respective province's legislature. The government of Nepal deemed as a pivotal ministry due to carried out of it's vulnerable and especial service sector which are solemnly connected to the contribution of GDP, … The kingdom of Nepal was unified in 1768 by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who had fled India following the Moghul conquests of the subcontinent. The first meeting of the District Assembly is held within 30 days after the publication of final results of the elections of the Village Assemblies and Town Assemblies. In January 2016 the Government of Nepal announced temporary headquarters of the seven provinces. pal. Know about Why is federal system felt necessary in Nepal? Nepal practiced the unitary system of government throughout its recorded history. It looks after the matters related to education, health, etc of the concerned state. Each district has local units. It prepares an annual budget, collects the tax, revenues, etc. Nepal Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2077-78 B.S. 2. Screen Reader ... e-Governance in Nepal has steadily evolved from computerization of Government Departments. It controls national currency and economy by forming national monetary policy. [2] In 1972 all 14 zones grouped into 4 development regions, later in 1981 rearranged the zones into 5 following development regions. A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. The necessity of federal system in Nepal is clean and clear. In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system that brought political parties into the government. Development regions were created for decentralization but powers, authority and development activities were centralized in the capital. Balance and proportional development through the concept of regional development have been a major effort under the unitary system. ⇒ There may be a misunderstanding between the federal government and the provincial government regarding the sharing of power and authorities. Each constituency elects one member under the first past the post system of election. However, the Constituent Assembly (Jestha 2065-2069) could not settle the various issues regarding the determination of federal units in Nepal. There is a necessity of a federal system in Nepal. Project implementer is … It looks after foreign affairs such as defense, declaring war, signing treaties, agreements, and contracts, appointing and receiving ambassadors and developing the diplomatic relationship. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal. By taking into note the importance of healthy and productive citizens in national development. 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